Professional training: 500 euros per year and funds collected by the Urssaf
Labor Minister Muriel Pénicaud on February 21, 2018 in the National Assembly
Muriel Pénicaud announced Monday that each employee would have 500 euros per year to train, instead of the current account in hours, and that the collection of funds would now be provided by the Urssaf, a “big bang”, which risk to anger the social partners.
“A global battle of competence is engaged” and we must not “reform at the margin”, said the minister during the presentation of the reform on vocational training to the press.
It is part of a bill, which also contains “apprenticeship” and “unemployment insurance” components, which must be presented to the Council of Ministers in mid-April.
The “vocational training” component is based “largely” on the agreement reached on February 22 by the unions and employers, which the Minister of Labor has welcomed.
This text, fiercely negotiated for three months, contains, among other things, a strengthening of the personal training account (CPF). The social partners had decided an increase in hours, the government has retained the idea of increasing training rights but has made a significant change: the CPF will spend in euros.
“The euros are much more concrete and readable for everyone,” said Pénicaud, much to the chagrin of unions and employers, for which a recognition in euros will lead to an inflation of training costs and a decline in fees.
With the reform, employees will have on their account 500 euros per year, capped at 5,000 euros. People without qualifications will have 800 euros, with a ceiling of 8,000. “For employees on fixed-term contracts, the account will be credited pro rata temporis,” added Ms. Pénicaud.
– ‘The real people’ –
Another change in size: the funds for training will be collected by the Urssaf. This is a total contribution of 1% for companies with more than 11 employees and 0.55% for those under 10. Urssaf will transfer these amounts to the Caisse des Dépôts. Currently, the collection is carried out by the approved joint collecting organizations (Opca).
These will be transformed into “Competence Operators”, structures that will be responsible, in particular, to finance apprentice training centers (CFA). In their agreement, the unions and the employers wanted the Opca to continue to collect the funds, for the sake of “efficiency and visibility”.
Sunday in a forum at the JDD, the President of the Medef Pierre Gattaz had found it necessary to “reform” the Opca and “push to be more effective” but opposing the idea of ”remove”.
In addition, a national agency, called “France Compétences”, will be created and managed by the State, the employers ‘and unions’ organizations, and the Regions. Among its missions, the regulation of training prices, so that costs “do not drift”.
The Minister of Labor welcomed in the February 22 agreement a “very big step forward to develop the individual rights of employees and jobseekers”.
But for the minister, the account was not on the overhaul of the system, of “incredible complexity”. She had promised to tackle the “piping” and neither more nor less than a “big bang”.
This shock announcement has turned unions and employers. “The minister should be careful that her + big bang + does not come back like a boomerang,” warned Michel Beaugas (FO).
“Attention” not to put “more to work on piping than the real people,” warned Saturday Laurent Berger (CFDT).
Vocational training costs around 25 billion euros each year. Companies, whose direct expenses are not taken into account in this total, are, despite everything, the first financiers.